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shade 和shadow用法辨析

The temperature can reach 40˚C in the shade .背阴处温度可达40˚C。

1.shade [ʃeɪd]

n.

阴凉处;背阴;(树)荫;灯罩;浓淡深浅;色度

v.

给…遮挡(光线);加灯罩;把…涂暗;画阴影

第三人称单数: shades 复数: shades 现在分词: shading 过去式: shaded 过去分词: shaded

名词:

We sat down in the shade of the wall.

我们在墙根的背阴处坐下。

The temperature can reach 40˚C in the shade .

背阴处温度可达40˚C。

The trees provide shade for the animals in the summer.

夏天,这些树为动物提供乘凉的地方。

I bought a new shade for the lamp.

我给那盏灯买了一个新罩子。

an eyeshade

遮阳眼罩

Temperatures in the shade can reach forty-eight degrees celsius at this time of year.

一年中的这个时间,背阴处的温度可达到 48 摄氏度。

Nancy left the shades down and the lights off.

南希放下窗帘,关了灯。

《柯林斯高阶英汉双解学习词典》

This kind of silk clothing should be dried in the shade.

这种丝绸衣服应阴干。

I should have been in the shade like all the other tourists, then I wouldn't have got burned

我本应该像其他旅游者一样呆在阴凉处的,那么我就不会晒伤了。

The only shade was under the body of the plane.

唯一的阴凉处是飞机机身下面。

The temperature soared to above 100 degrees in the shade

阴凉处的温度骤升至100多度。

Don't cut down the tree that gives you shade.

不要忘恩负义。

《汉英大词典》

The trees give welcome shade.

绿树成荫。

《汉英大词典》

They ate and drank and lounged in the shade

他们在阴凉处吃吃喝喝懒懒地闲坐着。

They used the swimming-pool, rode, lazed in the deep shade of the oaks in theheat of

the day.

他们去游泳池游泳,去骑马,一天之中最热之时在橡树的浓阴下消磨时间。

put sb/sth in the shade

使(某人或事物)黯然失色;使相形见绌

to be much better or more impressive than sb/sth

I tried hard but her work put mine in the shade.

我费了很大力气,但她的成果让我相形见绌。

a run that put every other hurdler's performance in the shade.

一次让其他所有跨栏运动员的表现都相形见绌的赛跑

动词:

The courtyard was shaded by high trees.

庭院荫庇在大树下。

She shaded her eyes against the sun.

她遮住眼睛避免阳光直射。

...a health resort whose beaches are shaded by palm trees...

海滩上棕榈树成阴的疗养胜地

You can't look directly into it; you've got to shade your eyes or close themaltogether

你不能直视它,必须遮住眼睛或索性闭上。

shade into sth

(界线模糊地)渐变

The scarlet of the wings shades into pink at the tips.

猩红的翅膀到了翼端渐变成浅红。

Distrust of foreigners can shade into racism.

对外国人的不信任可能逐渐演变成种族主义。

Shadow

[ˈʃædoʊ] n.

阴影;影子;昏暗处;背光处;阴暗处;少许;些微;一丁点

v.

跟踪;盯梢;跟随…实地学习(或参观);在…上投下(或覆盖)阴影

adj.

影子内阁的

名词时shade是遮阳处,阴凉处,背阴处。而shadow是物体投下的阴影。

The children were having fun, chasing each other's shadows.

孩子们追逐着彼此的影子,玩得很开心。

The ship's sail cast a shadow on the water.

船帆在水面上投下一片影子。

The shadows lengthened as the sun went down.

随着太阳西下,影子越拉越长。

(figurative) He didn't want to cast a shadow on (= spoil) their happiness.

他不想给他们的幸福蒙上阴影。

You should stand in the shade if you don't want to get to hot.

如果你不想太晒就站在背阴处。

The ship's sail cast a shadow on the water.

船帆在水面上投下一片影子。

His face was deep in shadow , turned away from her.

他扭过头去背着她,脸冲着暗处。

I thought I saw a figure standing in the shadows.

我好像看见阴暗处站着一个人。

A shadow of a smile touched his mouth.

他嘴角透出一丝笑意。

You can't spend all your life chasing shadows .

你不能一辈子追求虚无缥缈的东西。

He was shadowed for a week by the secret police.

他被秘密警察盯梢了一个星期。

he shadow Chancellor

影子内阁的财政大臣

the shadow Cabinet

影子内阁

shadow(可数名词)意为影子:

As the sun went down we cast long shadows on the lawn.

太阳落山时我们在草坪上留下长长的影子。

shadow(不可数名词)意为阴影、背光处:

Her face was in deep shadow.

她的脸在阴暗处。

shade(不可数名词)意为阴凉处:

Let’s sit in the shade for a while.

咱们在阴凉处坐一会儿吧。

Most of the lake was in shadow.

湖面的大部分都处在背阴中。

The hood shadowed her face.

风帽挡住了她的脸。

The supporters are being shadowed by a large and highly visible body of police.

拥护者们被大队警察明目张胆地跟踪。

He has always lived in the shadow of his brother.

他一直活在他哥哥的影子中。

They flew in over the beach, casting a huge shadow.

它们飞到海滩上空,抛下一大片黑影。

For a moment a shadow seemed to pass across Roy's face.

一瞬间罗伊脸上似乎闪过一丝忧伤。

A shadow passed over the kindly face of the old woman.

一道阴影掠过老太太慈祥的面孔。

Although now a celebrity in her own right, actress Lynn Redgrave knows the difficulties of living in the shadow of her famous older sister

虽然女演员琳恩·雷德格雷夫现在依靠自己的能力出了名,但她明白生活在大名鼎鼎的姐姐的阴影里有多不容易。

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